Today in History – Tuesday, Nov. 1, 2016


Today is Tuesday, Nov. 1, the 306th day of 2016. There are 60 days left in the year. This is All Saints Day.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Nov. 1, 1968, the Motion Picture Association of America unveiled its new voluntary film rating system: G for general, M for mature (later changed to GP, then PG), R for restricted and X (later changed to NC-17) for adults only.

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On this date:

In 1478, the Spanish Inquisition was established.

In 1604, William Shakespeare’s tragedy “Othello” was presented at Whitehall Palace in London.

In 1765, the Stamp Act, passed by the British Parliament, went into effect, prompting stiff resistance from American colonists.

In 1861, during the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln named Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan General-in-Chief of the Union armies, succeeding Lt. Gen. Winfield Scott.

In 1870, the United States Weather Bureau made its first meteorological observations.

In 1936, in a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an “axis” running between Rome and Berlin.

In 1949, an Eastern Airlines DC-4 collided in midair with a Lockheed P-38 fighter plane near Washington National Airport, killing all 55 people aboard the DC-4 and seriously injuring the pilot of the P-38.

In 1950, two Puerto Rican nationalists tried to force their way into Blair House in Washington, D.C., in a failed attempt to assassinate President Harry S. Truman. (One of the pair was killed, along with a White House police officer.)

In 1952, the United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, code-named “Ivy Mike,” at Enewetak (en-ih-WEE’-tahk) Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

In 1979, former first lady Mamie Eisenhower died in Washington, D.C., at age 82.

In 1989, East Germany reopened its border with Czechoslovakia, prompting tens of thousands of refugees to flee to the West.

In 1991, Clarence Thomas took his place as the newest justice on the Supreme Court.

Ten years ago: Sen. John Kerry, D-Mass., apologized to “any service member, family member or American” offended by his “botched joke” about how young people might get “stuck in Iraq” if they didn’t study hard and do their homework. An Ethiopian immigrant was convicted in Lawrenceville, Georgia, of the genital mutilation of his 2-year-old daughter in what’s believed to be the first such criminal case in the U.S. (Khalid Adem was sentenced to 10 years in prison.) Author William Styron, 81, died in Martha’s Vineyard, Massachusetts. Actress Adrienne Shelly, 40, was found dead in her Manhattan flat (construction worker Diego Pillco later pleaded guilty to manslaughter and was sentenced to 25 years in prison).

Five years ago: Europe’s days-old plan to solve its crippling debt crisis and restore faith in the global economy was thrown into chaos by Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou’s stunning decision to call a referendum on the country’s latest rescue package. (Papandreou dropped the referendum plan two days later.) Embattled Los Angeles Dodgers owner Frank McCourt and Major League Baseball reached an agreement to sell the troubled franchise. Dorothy Rodham, 92, mother of Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and former President Bill Clinton’s mother-in-law, died in Washington.

One year ago: Turkey’s ruling party secured a stunning victory in a snap parliamentary election, sweeping back into single-party rule only five months after losing it. Presiding Bishop Michael Curry was installed as the first black leader of the U.S. Episcopal Church during a ceremony at the Washington National Cathedral. Fred Thompson, 73, a folksy former Republican U.S. senator from Tennessee who appeared in feature films and television, died in Nashville. Kenya’s Stanley Biwott and Mary Keitany swept the titles at the New York City Marathon. The Kansas City Royals won their first World Series crown since 1985, beating the New York Mets 7-2 in Game 5, which lasted 12 innings, ending after midnight.

Today’s Birthdays: Golfer Gary Player is 81. Country singer Bill Anderson is 79. Actress Barbara Bosson is 77. Actor Robert Foxworth is 75. Magazine publisher Larry Flynt is 74. Country singer-humorist Kinky Friedman is 72. Actress Jeannie Berlin is 67. Music producer David Foster is 67. Actress Belita Moreno is 67. Rhythm-and-blues musician Ronald Khalis Bell (Kool and the Gang) is 65. Country singer-songwriter-producer Keith Stegall is 62. Country singer Lyle Lovett is 59. Actress Rachel Ticotin is 58. Rock musician Eddie MacDonald (The Alarm) is 57. Apple CEO Tim Cook is 56. Actress Helene Udy is 55. Rock singer Anthony Kiedis (Red Hot Chili Peppers) is 54. Pop singer-musician Mags Furuholmen (a-ha) is 54. Rock musician Rick Allen (Def Leppard) is 53. Country singer “Big Kenny” Alphin (Big and Rich) is 53. Singer Sophie B. Hawkins is 52. Rapper Willie D (Geto Boys) is 50. Country musician Dale Wallace (Emerson Drive) is 47. Actress Toni Collette is 44. Actress-talk show host Jenny McCarthy is 44. Rock musician Andrew Gonzales is 44. Actor David Berman is 43. Actress Aishwarya Rai (ash-WAHR’-ee-ah rye) is 43. Rock singer Bo Bice is 41. Actor Matt Jones is 35. Actress Natalia Tena is 32. Actor Penn Badgley is 30. Actor Max Burkholder is 19. Actor-musician Alex Wolff is 19.

Thought for Today: “I am patient with stupidity, but not with those who are proud of it.” — Dame Edith Sitwell, English poet (1887-1964).

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