Vol. XI No. 22
Friday 30 May -5 June 2003

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Updated every Friday
by Parisa Santithi

 



COLUMNS
HEADLINES [click on headline to view story]:

Family Money

Snap Shot

Modern Medicine

Heart to Heart with Hillary

A Slice of Thai History

Personal Directions

Social Commentary by Khai Khem

Womenís World

Wine

Family Money: Get real about real estate - Part 1

By Leslie Wright,
Managing director of Westminster Portfolio Services (Thailand) Ltd.

In the past several months, real estate property has been the buzzword in the financial trade papers, and on the lips of almost every client whoís come to see me.

Indeed, UK property has performed especially well in the past 12 months, and funds invested in property - both in UK and internationally - have also performed well.

An information sheet recently sent to me by a US investment group trumpeted record property starts in the US - despite the general malaise in the stock market; ads appear everywhere for rent-producing residential and commercial properties in UK. What a wonderful alternative bandwagon when itís a roller-coaster ride in the equity markets!

I admit I waxed enthusiastic last year about property and Traded Endowment Policies funds (ĎTEPsí): the market was bullish, and the return enticing - especially compared with equities and cash!

But property prices in UK are starting to peak, and remind me of the situation in 1987-88 (if you can cast your memory back that far) when a similar property bubble had developed in the UK - and burst spectacularly the following year.

Several clients have seen the writing on the wall and wisely (in my opinion) sold their UK properties while the opportunity presented itself, and moved the proceeds offshore into one or another safe-haven investments which will not be affected by a possible property slump, or even the continuing fragile geopolitical situation.

What is my "best advice" based on past experience and gut feeling? Hold onto property funds for the meantime, since these can be switched into bonds, for example, at a momentís notice if the property market goes sour.

But as to buying a house in UK at this time? Unless you are returning there permanently and have found the dream home you intend to retire into, I would not advocate buying bricks and mortar at this time: the prices are too high.

On the other hand, if you are considering selling a property, now may indeed be a very good time - just before the market peaks.

How about
Thailand?

Despite my having written before (June 2001) on the subject of buying/owning real estate in Thailand, in recent weeks I have again received several enquiries about buying and owning property here, so perhaps itís time we revisited this thorny topic.

The enquiries I receive have mostly been from middle-aged expatriates who have decided to settle in Thailand with the girl of their dreams that they met last month or the month before, who loves him so much that sheís leaving her place of work polishing a pole in Soi 8 or Pattayaland Soi 2 to settle down in the nice little house sheís found for them somewhere along Jomtien Beach.

Typically, the enquirer wants to find out why the property cannot be held in his own name, and if itís okay to put it in his girlfriendís name.

A few potential buyers - mostly ones who have not yet taken the step to move here, but are still "looking into things" from afar - are so naÔve that they even ask how they can obtain a mortgage on the property. "Oh dear," I think when I receive these enquiries, "Not another one!"

At the height of the currency crisis in 1997, Thailand agreed with the IMF to liberalise its laws with regard to foreigners owning real estate in Thailand.

The matter was debated in parliament and the press at great length, and the usual jingoistic (some would say xenophobic) statements were aired that if the protectionist laws were amended, we greedy farangs would sweep in and buy up all the land in Thailand and exploit the poor innocent Thais in our typical colonialist fashion.

(I wonder why the fact that Thais or anyone else with money can buy any amount of landed property in the UK or USA is never aired as a counter-argument, and neither the British nor Americans seem terribly worried that their country is going to be taken over by colonising Asians - but that perhaps is another topic for another day.)

Some prospective buyers have heard that the law which used to prohibit Thai spouses from owning property once they married a farang had been changed, and wanted confirmation of this.

The short answer to this is: A foreigner may legally purchase, together with his Thai wife, a house, land or property not exceeding 1 rai which is duly purchased as marital property - that is, the Parties are legally married and documented at the local Amphur.

The purchase must be jointly held and cannot be sold without the other partnerís signature, nor can either force the other out of residence without due compensation. The foreignerís name will never be on the actual Title Deed, but a Memorandum is attached to it indicating his legal attachment to the owner.

A good time to buy?

Clients point out to me the amount of building going on around Pattaya as indicative that the economy in Thailand is improving, and now is a good time to "invest" in property in Thailand.

There is indeed a lot of building going on - but sources tell me that the extensive property development along a certain main thoroughfare is mostly owned by one family-owned commercial outfit who are using their spare cash while prices and interest rates are low.

Looking further afield, there are plenty of properties standing vacant, and a number of failed developments.

I am reliably informed that there are many more sellers than buyers, which the ĎMail Marketí pages of the Pattaya Mail would tend to confirm, week after week.

I also hear a lot of grumbling from businesses which rely on bumper business during High Season that the High Season just ended was not good, and consumer spending generally is down. So whereís the money coming from for these building projects? No-one seems to know.

(To be continued next week)


Snap Shot: Wounded Cameras

by Harry Flashman

When you fall over and cut your knee, you should know how to render first aid. When you fall over and injure your camera, itís about the same. However, avoiding falling over is probably the most important lesson. It is always better to have a fence at the top of the cliff, rather than an ambulance at the bottom! So letís begin by thinking about all the disasters, how you can avoid them and what to do if the ultimate disaster does occur.

The first, and often the most common, is dropping the camera. Cameras are very complex devices full of electronic trickery and mechanical movements. The shutter on even the cheapest camera can open and close in 1/500th of a second. It doesnít take much to knock the delicate shutter around. The camera is also a lightproof box, dropping it and distorting the case will soon let light in.

So what should be done beforehand? First is to have a decent padded camera bag. I recently purchased one which cost over 1000 baht - but it will keep the camera safe in the situation of it falling out of the car or slipping from the shoulder. Throw that silly leather case as far as you can, or feed it to a giraffe.

Another important point - always loop the camera strap around your neck. OK, so now you have the camera hanging on the strap around your neck, what can go wrong here? Well the strap can slip or the eyelet rings can break, and the whole lot hits the floor unless you have lightning reflexes. Answer? Check and make sure that everything is correctly attached and not worn. Replace regularly.

So it did hit the floor, what now? Turn it on. Is it still electrically OK? If no power, take the batteries out and then put them back in - they may just be jolted out of position. Unscrew the lens and put it back on. Look through the viewfinder - if it looks normal, then try to take several shots at different shutter speeds and apertures and rush to the closest 1 hour processor. Pray a lot. You may be lucky.

After dropping, the next disaster is water. Cameras are not like children, you cannot "drown proof" them. They stay drowned. In the rain you must take precautions. A plastic bag wrapped around the camera with just the end of the lens poking through, and held on with rubber bands is the way to "safe photography". Even then, as soon as possible you should take the camera inside and dry the outside of the case thoroughly. Take the lens off and dry carefully around the lens mount too, making sure you do not touch the mirror. Take the batteries out and thoroughly dry the battery compartment and the contacts. Batteries and moisture do not go well together.

Now we should think about the great shots you can get on board speedboats and similar situations. Resist the temptation to take your good camera - you can buy a waterproof Kodak for very little money and you can relax with peace of mind. Or even one of the disposable ones. Do not take your good one!

So what do you do when you drop the whole lot in the drink? If it is a modern electronic camera you have probably just lost your investment - especially if it is salt water you drop it into. One camera technicianís advice was, "Leave it there!" However, you can try flushing the camera in running tap water for at least an hour, then drying it and taking it to the repair shop. An audience with the Pope would be a good move as well.

Drowning the camera in fresh water is not quite so bad, but you have to pull it apart as much as you can and then dry it out as thoroughly as you can - a hair dryer set on "No Heat" can help, but again your chances are slim.

The message is first aid is possible, but prevention is much better!


Modern Medicine: Well Iíll be plastyíd! The Hitchhikerís Guide to Cosmetic Surgery

by Dr Iain Corness, Consultant

Many women, and a significant number of men, have contemplated plastic (cosmetic) surgery. Right from the outset, let me state that mucking around with your face and body should only be done by experts in the field. An "expert" is a doctor who has specialist qualifications in plastic and reconstructive surgery and does nothing but that type of work every day, not the clinic on the corner that does everything from coughs and sneezes and venereal diseases and the odd boob job as well! So let us have a look at what can be done, what it is called and how long it takes.

Rhinoplasty is functional re-modelling of the nose and is carried out to correct malformations and developmental abnormalities. These procedures can usually be done under local anaesthetic, in most instances, and will take 1 to 11/2 hours in surgery. The important word here is Ďfunctionalí. It is no good having a super looking nose that you canít breathe through!

Blepharoplasty is excision of superfluous skin from the upper or lower eye lids. This can be done under local anaesthesia with surgery taking around one hour.

Face Lifts. There are many types of this (depending on how far your face has fallen)! It can range from the full Face Lift to just removal of "Crowís Feet" for example. Major procedures can take up to 5 hours in surgery and require a general anaesthetic and an inpatient stay of up to 4 days. Minor procedures are done under local and you may be able to return home on the same day. Correction of acne scars by Laser Dermabrasion is included in this list.

Lip Surgery, both thickening or thinning of protruberant lips can be done as an out-patient procedure. This takes up to 2 hours and is performed under local anaesthesia.

Mammoplasty - increasing or decreasing the size of the breasts can take up to 4 hours in surgery and requires general anaesthesia and an in-patient stay of up to 4 days. These days, saline implants are generally used, though the Ďdangersí with silicone implants were more imagined than real. Minor procedures to reduce the size of areolae or nipples can be done under local and an in-patient stay is not necessary. For many women these operations can give them a new lease on life, ending many years of embarrassment and psychological trauma.

Liposuction. This is a relatively new form of cosmetic surgery where fat cells are "sucked" away from the tissues under the skin and requires general anaesthesia and an in-patient stay of one night.

Autologous fat injections. In these procedures, the patientís own fat cells are used to rectify problem areas where lack of sub-cutaneous tissue produces "sagging" or premature aging. Local anaesthesia is possible for most regions (cheeks, forehead, temples, chin) but major procedures around the hips require general anaesthesia and an inpatient stay for up to 2 days.

Surgical excision of fatty apron or scars. This is not as easy as it may sound and normally requires general anaesthesia and an in-patient stay of up to 4 days.

Punch graft hair transplants. This is a lengthy procedure (5 hours) but is carried out under local anaesthesia. 500 punch grafts will fill in an area 9 cm x 9 cm and a 2 day spell as an in-patient is necessary.

So there you are - now you know what to ask for - but please do ask the specialists in the field.


Heart to Heart with Hillary

Dear Hillary,

Have you noticed all the "work" that has been done in our cities recently? I move around a lot with my job and the traffic is just hopeless everywhere in Thailand these days, not just in Bangkok. In Chiang Mai there appears to be endless work going on tearing up the footpaths and putting them back down again. Then tear them up again, and so on. In Pattaya they are not happy with just the footpaths, they tear up the whole road, lay concrete, produce instant traffic jams and then move on to the next road. In Jomtien they tore up the footpath, laid bricks, then built another pavement and then laid another concrete pathway as well and then erected ornamental lights every five metres. Not satisfied with that, they then put in more lights, making more traffic snarls. Is this part of a national plot, or just national madness?

Traffic Jam Johnny

Dear Traffic Jam Johnny,

I doubt if it is part of a national traffic scam or an orchestrated plot, but it is one way to cut down the road toll. Stationary cars canít run over pedestrians. It also keeps the concrete industry very healthy, and the road construction business is having a boom time. Not that anyone in the decision making offices have any interests in road construction, bricks, electric light poles or concrete. I did inquire about the two types of lights along Jomtien Beach for you - seems the first ones blew too many light globes. You might have to find an alternative transport system. Have you considered investing in a helicopter?

Dear Hillary,

Just as I was preparing to put brush to canvas of your imaginary likeness based on the sketch I sent you, I suddenly had a flash - what if my imaginary Hillary was nothing like the real one? I decided then to do a few contrasting alternative Hillaryís of which the examples are enclosed. Of course, I would never dream of asking you for clues to your mystery identity but must use my creative powers to construct a Hillary based on your witty and eloquent responses to your letters. The only personal info that I am aware of - that you have given out - is the champagne and chocolate business. We donít know if you like Frisbee, mountain bikes, tofu and vegetables; and I must agree you probably would not have as much reader input if you craved granola bars and carrot juice instead. Please feel free to use any of the pictures of my art in your column, or in your upcoming book, of which I would like X number of copies.

Dickens 44

Dear Dickens 44,

Thank you again for the lovely sketches, wondering which one is me. But Petal, not number 4, Kevin the half-wombat! From your sketch I canít even see what the other half of him looks like. Has Kevin been impersonating me again? If he has, Iíll sue his ass off, you tell him from me, Petal!

Now as far as my likes and dislikes are concerned (and you are the first one to ever ask about my deep and innermost needs, bless you) Frisbees - No, mountain bikes - No, tofu and vegetables - are you kidding, granola bars and carrot juice - are you trying to poison me? Stick with the champagne and chocolates, dear Dickens 44. What more does one need in this life, other than perhaps someone who really "cares" like you, Dickens 44.

Trying to be objective and look at the remaining three sketches (the ones without that dreadful Kevin the half-wombat), I must say I would prefer to be thought of as number 3, I just love that Gallic chapeau, but please erase the tattoos as I do not have one mark on my otherwise perfect body. Oh you are a one - youíve got me talking about my body already, and we hardly know each other! But please remember that Hillary is as you imagine - and expectation always exceeds realization. Except in the case of Kevin the half-wombat, disgusting creature that he is. I think Iíll have to go and wash my hands after just touching the sketch. Smelly horrible beast! If youíre going to go for a half anything, a Minotaur would be much better.

Regarding the upcoming book - have you been peeking over my shoulder, Dickens 44? Donít deny everything and spoil our relationship. When it is printed, I will personally autograph one copy just for you. After you have purchased it of course. Agony aunts have to live too, you know, and the champagne is getting expensive.


A Slice of Thai History: The air war over Thailand, 1941-1945 

Part Two, The Allies attack Thailand, 1942-1945

by Duncan Stearn

On 26 December 1942 bombers of the United Statesí Tenth Air Force, based in India, launched the first major strike by Allied air power against the Thai homeland, hitting the Hualumphong railway station, the port at Klong Toey, an arsenal and a power plant in Bangkok. It was the first real indication to the Thai government that they might have joined the wrong side. However, it was to be almost four months before a second bombing raid was feasible.

On 19 January 1943 a flight of U.S. B-24 bombers carried out a photo reconnaissance of the railway construction at Kanchanaburi.

Four B-24ís bombed the Bangsue arsenal in Bangkok on 21 April, but this was the last action against the capital for nearly eight months. The next occasion Bangkok heard the drone of Allied bombers was 19 December when the dock area was bombed at night. Four days later American bombers attacked Hualumphong.

The Americans were back on 10 January 1944 with attacks against Don Muang airfield and laying mines in the estuary of the Chao Phrya River. On 18 January a brace of American fighters struck troop concentrations, ammunition dumps and workshops in Songkhla while B-24 bombers attacked Don Muang airfield and its attendant railroad station.

Attacks by B-24ís were launched against targets in Bangkok on 9 and 10 February while on 15 March possibly the longest raid of the entire Second World War by fighter aircraft was conducted by P-51ís against the Thai capital. The task was to strike at what the Japanese thought were relatively secure areas for the remnants of their own fighters.

The raid, by two squadrons flying out of Coxís Bazaar in India, hit Don Muang and covered a round-trip distance of 2,400 kilometres. General Levi Chase, the man who planned and led the attack, was awarded the Silver Star for this mission.

In April, the Americanís switched their attack to Nakhon Sawan, 14 bombers striking the Japanese headquarters on the night of the 4th and five bombers returning for a second strike a week later.

Attacks were also made against road and railway bridges between Bangkok and Chiang Mai as well as all along the almost completed Burma-Siam railway.

In September 1942 the American air arm had developed a new and powerful bomber, the B-29, or ĎSuperfortressí, and before it was employed against the Japanese home islands, the Americans decided to test it out against Bangkok.

Accordingly, on 5 June 1944 a total of 77 B-29 bombers (some sources claim 98, another 114, planes) attacked the Thai capital. The raid began at around 11 a.m. with the bombers aiming to destroy the Memorial Bridge and a major power plant. They missed and instead knocked down tram lines and destroyed a Japanese military hospital as well as the headquarters of the Japanese secret police. No civilian buildings were damaged, a fact that aroused admiration among the Thai authorities. It was only in 1947 that the Thais discovered the American bombers had been aiming at the Memorial Bridge, almost two and-a-half kilometres away. Following the raid, schools and universities were closed in Bangkok and children moved out of the city for their safety.

A night raid on 6 September against Non Pladuk, a railhead for the Burma-Siam railway line, failed badly when the bombs fell short and exploded in a POW camp, killing over 90 Allied prisoners and injuring more than 300. It had been, and remained, Japanese policy to house their POWís as close to the rail lines as possible while refusing to allow a blue cross to be erected signalling the presence of Allied prisoners. This policy resulted in numerous Ďfriendly fireí casualties.

Early in 1945, U.S. bombers attacked railway sidings and warehouses in Chumphon and in March two assaults were launched against a key rail bridge at Surat Thani. In the latter two attacks, the B-24 bombers were airborne for more than 17-hours, considered to be a record at that time for heavy bombers.

That same month, Allied bombers launched an all-out effort to wreck the Burma-Siam railway and managed to destroy no less than nine bridges. Among the bridges knocked out were the two spanning the Kwae River. British bombers damaged the steel bridge while an American bomber destroyed the wooden span that was around 100 metres further downriver.

On 14 April 1945 a second B-29 raid was launched on Bangkok and succeeded in destroying two key power plants, plunging the city into darkness, cutting off water supplies and stopping the trams. This was the last major attack conducted against targets in Thailand prior to the Japanese surrender in August.


Personal Directions: Meaning and purpose... thoughts to share

by Christina Dodd
Managing director of Westminster Portfolio Services (Thailand) Ltd.

One of the greatest rewards of writing this column is that it puts me in touch with a vast audience of like-minded people - people who share a common thread of striving for performance excellence and people who realize that human emotions are the greatest powers and guiding forces. To this end I have developed a large correspondence base with readers who come from a broad variety of locations and backgrounds. Some are bankers, some lawyers, some housewives, some engineers or farmers, some teachers, some entrepreneurs and ... well the list goes on and on!

From these newfound friends and colleagues I frequently receive small quotes, thoughts and - like the following - essays, which, I feel, should be shared amongst all of you.

Today I have the pleasure of submitting another of John and Melody Andersonsí inspirational essays. I wish to thank Steven Atkins in England for this contribution of John and Melodyís work and hope that in turn this short piece inspires you in the same way that it did me.

If we are prepared to embrace and to find meaning in life, then our life will have purpose and we can actively pursue our understanding of that purpose to our own betterment and fulfillment.

One would have to say that unless life is truly worth living and worth living wholeheartedly, then it is not worth living at all. This is the kind of realization that an individual can run from all of their life and as long as the knowledge of it remains unacknowledged, then the individual can maintain a life of sorts, appropriate to maintaining an identity, but lacking in honesty and in meaning.

Meaning is achieved in life through honesty and only through honesty. Without honesty, meaning cannot truly manifest itself. Without meaning, life is simply an arduous journey of uncertainty and pain to which there seems no point. Not only that, but unless the individual is willing to give themselves over to the acknowledgment of meaning they will be plagued by unpleasantness and by powerlessness indefinitely.

A willingness to find meaning and to exercise trust in this meaning enables the individual to become strong and to embrace greater and greater strength. Meaning also ensures that no matter what the situation, the individual can find strength in that situation and retain their personal power, even when the situation seems to suggest tragedy or disaster. Being able to feel personal power in life depends on the willingness to find meaning in all things. And indeed, finding meaning depends on feeling a sense of personal responsibility.

One cannot find meaning in life yet reflect powerlessness. As soon as one gives in to powerlessness, the individual becomes a victim of life and its cruel lessons, doomed to ride the uncertain roller coaster of change and emotion, forever pursued by hurt, disappointment and fear. One may find a sort of meaning in life without personal power, say if one hands the responsibility for what happens to an outside force, or if one acknowledges meaning intellectually, while denying it emotionally. Both negate true meaning completely and starve the individual of the power to change what occurs and to prosper from the situations that are encountered in life.

Living a life to which there is no point throws the individual on the mercy of chance and randomness and indeed surrenders the individual to the power of accident. Accident and blame are destructive in their implications, for each determines that the individual is completely without the power to change things. Readily applying meaning to a situation arms the individual with the power to ascertain what is to be gained and to then set about the achievement of the purpose. Purpose and meaning are subtly different but inextricably linked.

Purpose doesnít exist without meaning and vice versa. Purpose is more strongly linked with action. Meaning is more closely aligned with appreciation. We find appreciation in a situation, and we find meaning. We identity purpose in a situation and we identify a direction in which to head. Deny both and we flounder our way through life, the victim of all that is thrown in our path.

As with much in life, neither purpose, nor meaning can be created or made manifest without the recognition of contrasting values. Without an awareness of the value of the absence of these things, or the knowledge of a vision, the individual cannot commit to a decision between one option and another. In other words, if there is no value for purpose and meaning in life and if instead, there is more value in powerlessness and blame, until the individual is willing to acknowledge existing values, nothing can change.

It is the acknowledgment of existing values and moreover, the preparedness to move on from this point that determines whether an individual can advance and make more of life. Without a willingness to acknowledge value in the status quo, and a preparedness to embrace other greater options, there is no opportunity for choice and without choice, one must be satisfied with the norm - one must be satisfied with living a life without purpose and without meaning.

A realization of value and a commitment to the value of living a meaningful life provides a constant source of inspiration for wanting and having more. It allows the individual to achieve in greater and greater degrees, the ultimate end being a direction of quality and enhancement in every area of life.

This is, I feel, a powerful and very valuable article and I hope that you also feel the same. Thank you once again to Steven Atkins and to John and Melody Anderson for their insights.

The thoughts expressed by John and Melody are part of the program subjects that we use. Our goal is to build on the positive and extinguish the negative. This is the only way to approach life and to therefore have Meaning and Purpose.

If you wish to talk further on matters of personal and self development, or on matters that concern your business, the effectiveness and needs of your staff, then please contact me at Asia Training Associates - email: [email protected]

For details on our programs and Asia Training Associates, please visit our website: www. asiatrainingassociates.com

Until next time ... Have a Great Week!


Social Commentary by Khai Khem

Whatever happened to ďmai pen raií?

It recently struck me that I donít hear Thais say "mai pen rai" (never mind) much anymore. That phrase, which used to be such an integral part of Thai utterances, seems to have vanished along with so many other things that were so uniquely characteristic of Thailand.

The phrase equated a tolerant and laid-back approach to life. It conveyed a sense of forbearing and compassionate understanding in which the idea that people are human and mistakes are natural was embodied.

The concept of "mai pen rai" was also eventually negatively interpreted as a mentality of laziness and procrastination by outsiders and the more ambitious sectors of Thai society. This outlook of sloth and procrastination became a subject of debate and as Thailand went through a period of industrialization and modernization, "mai pen rai" was made the butt of many jokes and a target for international ridicule.

The expression is really meant as a form of courtesy to smooth over an uncomfortable situation and let the other person know that whatever has happened, itís not the end of the world and perhaps the mistake or blunder can be repaired with a little good humor and human understanding.

Have we outgrown this simple form of courtesy, or have we had it snatched from us because of the pressures of modern living? One of the nicer aspects of traditional Thai behavior is that our society was once based on the concept of forgiveness. To err was human. My! How times have changed. Now a mistake costs someone time and money. In fact, these days time IS money.

In the rush to compete with the rest of the world, Thais are being pushed to perform. And their performance is being judged by how much they can produce and how fast they can produce it. Competitiveness has become a mantra. "Keep up or be left behind."

Competition in the economic sense is only part of the picture. Urban life in most Thai cities has become stressful because living conditions are becoming increasingly difficult to deal with. Gridlock traffic, overcrowding, noise, pollution and the rising crime rate are some of the more obvious contributors to rising tensions. Stress and tension take a tremendous toll on peopleís nerves. We are less likely to react to problems with good will and courtesy when we are always pushed beyond our personal limits.

Even our rural areas are not peacefully laid-back anymore. This sector of society is being brought into the mainstream and made responsible for improving the nationís economy by becoming more competitive. Farmers have rising expectations just like their city cousins.

There are those who feel that our increasingly materialistic society is encouraging us to become more aggressive, which in turn saps us of our former kindness to each other. Of course that idea is not new and rich, developed countries also grapple with this conundrum.

Perhaps we donít say "mai pen rai" as often as we used to because we now take things more seriously. Instead of turning away from problems with a care-less attitude, we now make the effort to solve them. We complain when our national leaders let us down. We hold officials responsible to their duties and accountable for their blunders. If we are cheated we protest.

In the Ďold daysí many of us simply walked away rather than make a fuss. It was considered rude and quarrelsome to stand up for our rights. I think secretly, many Thais would still prefer to keep the peace and say "mai pen rai" and go on about their business. The real deterrent to that is nowadays, when we walk away, there is no escape. The path to peace and civilized behavior is blocked.

Who would have believed that the gentle kingdom known as the Land of Smiles would need a Ďsocial orderí campaign initiated by the central government in Bangkok to re-educate Thais to be well-mannered, non-aggressive, polite to strangers and non-violent? What road did we travel to produce a generation of teenagers who form gangs to steal, fry their brains on drugs, and are so incorrigible that they will shoot to kill without conscience or thought of consequences?

I recently encountered an elderly European tourist who asked for directions to a local bank. A short conversation led to his remark that he was shocked at how crowded and chaotic Pattaya had become. Heíd holidayed here a few years ago, and the changes now intimidated him. He felt insecure and intended to cut his stay short.

Ever the optimist, I pointed out our many improvements to no avail. He agreed that Pattaya indeed had so many wonderful things to offer. Put simply, he was afraid of only two things, but these two detractors made him very uneasy - dangerous traffic and aggressive street crime. In response, I said, "Mai pen rai," and accompanied him to his destination. We arrived without incident.


Woman's World: The magic of the coconut Part 2

by Lesley Warner

To continue with the story of the coconut I am going to give you a sample of the tips you will find in the book Dancing Shrimp (published by Simon & Schuster and written by Kasma Loha-unchit). For more you must buy the book.

The coconut has many different uses; for example in cosmetics, shampoo, and body lotions as well as for cooking and even modeling. Virgin coconut oil is also used for making natural soaps and other health products, as it is one of the healthiest things you can apply to your skin.

To get coconut oil the fresh coconut meat is grated and then pressed to make coconut milk. The milk is left for approximately 24 hours when the oil naturally separates from the milk producing crystal clear oil.

The coconut is not only used for cooking and cosmetic purposes it has been discovered to contain a far more important use. Coconut oil is rich in lauric acid, which is known for being antiviral and antibacterial. Lauric acid also has adverse effects on a variety of microorganisms including bacteria, yeast, and fungi. It can destroy the lipid membrane of viruses such as HIV, measles, herpes simplex virus (HSV-1), influenza and cytomegalovirus (CMV). There is also some successful research being done using the coconut to fight malaria.

In the past researchers have suggested that coconut oil must be bad for you as it contains saturated fat and "saturated fats are bad for you." But in this case they failed to distinguish between different kinds of saturated fats and insist that saturated fats (meaning all saturated fats) are harmful. This is not true; leading scientists now recognize that just as there is good cholesterol, there are also good saturated fats.

Fats are classified as short, medium, or long, based on the number of carbon molecules they contain. Nearly two-thirds of the saturated fat in coconut oil consists of medium fatty acids.

When we eat long fatty acids, they must be emulsified by bile salts in the small intestine before they can be absorbed into our body. Short and medium fatty acids, such as those in coconut milk, are absorbed directly through the portal vein into the liver, where they are immediately available to the body.

In other words, most of the saturated fat in coconut oil is easily digestible and converted into quick energy. And these types of fatty acids are less likely to cause obesity because they are not stored but are immediately used by the body.


Wine :Fermenting for flavours

by Ranjith Chandrasiri

If youíve ever had the chance to taste wine (grape juice) before it has been fermented, you know it doesnít taste anything like wine. It tastes like, well, grape juice. So where do all those fruit, spice, vanilla and other flavours come from? Do winemakers put them in? Can they actually add different flavours to make wine taste a certain way?

Emmanuel Cruse (right), the owner and general manager of prestigious Ch‚teau DíIssan in Bordeaux recently met with Ranjith in Margaux to talk about flavours of wine.

First, letís look at fruit flavours in wine. If winemakers donít add other fruits to wine (and they donít), then where do these fruit flavours come from?

A (wine) grape is a unique fruit in that it contains natural chemical compounds that are also found in other fruits and vegetables. Fermentation, a simple chemical reaction, releases these compounds, so we smell and taste these same aromas and flavours in the finished wine. For example, the strong black pepper aroma and flavour of California zinfandel (red, of course) comes from the same compound that gives black pepper its spicy kick. And the tangy apple flavour found in most chardonnays comes primarily from malic acid, the tart acid found in apples.

Everything that a winemaker does in producing his wine affects the taste of the wine in one way or another. The taste of the wine involves the wineís aroma, body, texture, length and so on and not just its flavour.

Producing wine actually involves two separate steps: the growing of the grapes, called viticulture and the making of the wine, called vinification. Sometimes both steps are performed by the same company, as with estate bottled wines, and sometimes the two steps are completely separate. Some large wineries, for example, contract with hundreds of grape growers. These growers donít make wine; they just grow grapes and sell their grapes to whatever the wine company that offers them the highest price.

The vinification end of wine producing falls into two parts: fermentation - the period when the grape juice turns into wine and maturation - the period following fermentation when the wine settles down, smoothes its rough edges and gets ready to meet the world. Depending on the type of wine being made, the whole process could take up to three months or a few years.

Fermentation

Once the juice has been pressed from the grape, winemakers place it in a fermentation container (stainless steel tank, barrel, etc.). At this point they can either let the wild yeast (that came in on the grapes) do the fermentation or they can add cultured yeast. Different yeast strains create different flavours in wine. In chardonnay, for example, one strain may produce more tropical fruit flavours while another may impart more citrusy flavours. So winemakers can choose a cultured yeast strain that gives them the flavour profiles they want in the finished wine. Or they can let Mother Nature do her thing and work with the flavours that she comes up with.

Secondary
Fermentation

Secondary fermentation, also called malolactic fermentation (ML), usually produces flavours of butter and/or butterscotch. To make ML happen, the winemaker adds a strain of lactic bacteria to the wine, which converts the harsher malic acid - the main acid in apples to lactic acid - the acid found in dairy products. So, itís basically a conversion of a tart acid to a soft, creamy acid. A chemical by-product of this process is diacetyl, the component of butter that makes it smell and taste like butter. So, if the winemakers want a softer wine with buttery characteristics - a chardonnay, for example - they put the wine through malolactic fermentation.

Lees Contact

Once fermentation is over and the sugar has turned into alcohol and other by-products, the yeast cells die (their food source is gone) or become dormant and fall to the bottom of the barrel. When the white wines were left on their yeast sediment called lees, for an extended period of time, pleasant yeasty, pastry-like flavours develop in the wine.

Oak Aging

Oak barrels, depending on their age, oak type and toast level, contribute certain flavours to the wine. For example, oak can impart clove, nutmeg, cinnamon, caramel, chocolate, coffee, vanilla and, of course, oak flavours. So winemakers will do what they call barrel trials to determine which type of oak barrels can best produce the flavours they want in their finished wine.

Barrel fermented or barrel aged?

The term barrel-fermented means that the unfermented juice went into barrels (almost always oak) and changed into wine there. The term barrel-aged usually means that the already fermented wine went into barrels and stayed there for a maturation period of a few months or a couple of years. Barrel fermentation applies mainly to white wines and here is why you might care to know whether a white wine is barrel-fermented or just barrel-aged. Wines that were fermented in barrels actually end up tasting less oaky than wines that were simply aged in barrels, even though they might have spent more time in oak.

Knowing how and where the flavours come from can help you understand why you might like a particular wine and it can even influence your wine buying decisions.

Ranjith Chandrasiri is the resident manager of Royal Cliff Grand and President of the Royal Cliff Wine Club, Royal Cliff Beach Resort, Pattaya, Thailand. Email: [email protected] or [email protected]

Website: http://www.royal cliff.com/rcwineclub.htm



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