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HEADLINES [click on headline to view story]:

Benevolent Pattaya citizens make charitable donation to Ban Phoonsri Drug Treatment Center

Pattaya participates in World Tai Chi-Chi Kung Day

A Portrait of Peru

German couple help get new Rotary club going

British Chamber Eastern Seaboard Seminar

Amor Restaurant celebrates 7th anniversary

Antiques, are they genuine?

Benevolent Pattaya citizens make charitable donation to Ban Phoonsri Drug Treatment Center

Making life better for those less fortunate

Vichan Pladplueng

The Rotary Club of Jomtien Pattaya, the Lodge Pattaya West Winds and benevolent local businessmen visited the Ban Phoonsri Drug Treatment Center on Photisarn Road in Naklua recently to make charitable donations.

The generous donators gather for a group photo.

Deputy Police Commissioner Pol. Gen. Soonthorn Saikwan from the National Police Bureau added prestige to the event, and said stricter policies directed at eliminating drug addiction were underway. “Millions of baht have been budgeted to educate young people on the dangers involved.” He also said the nation’s increasing drug problem was a priority concern for the new government.

Donations from the Lodge Pattaya West Winds made it possible to complete construction of the vocational training workshop at the center.

Pol. Lt. Col. Jirat Phichitpai, the administrator of the Ban Phoonsri Drug Treatment Center gratefully received the donations on behalf of residents in treatment, and expressed his gratitude to the members of the Rotary Club of Jomtien Pattaya and contributors for making improvements on an older building in use at the center. The building was given a cement floor and its roof was insulated.

Chalit Chatsathien and his associates donated bedding and food.

Donations from the Lodge Pattaya West Winds made it possible to complete construction of the vocational training workshop at the center, where young people receiving treatment would be able to learn a trade and hopefully return to society as competent members in full control of their behavior.

Rotary Club of Jomtien-Pattaya president Erika Keller and Rotarians lend a helping hand.

Chalit Chatsathien, the managing director of the Saemco Company Ltd. and his associates Samphan Chivathamanon and Pracha Thanompongphan were also visiting the center on the same day donating 40 sets of sheets, blankets and pillows along with dried food items and 200 bags of rice.

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Pattaya participates in World Tai Chi-Chi Kung Day

The 3rd Annual World Tai Chi / Chi Kung (Qigong) Day, founded by Bill Douglas in the USA, was held last Saturday, April 7. Pattaya’s own Chi Kung teacher Patrick Stahl led a local group in observance of the international day in the gardens of the Dusit Resort Pattaya.

Pattaya’s own Chi Kung teacher Patrick Stahl led a local group participating in World Tai Chi-Chi Kung Day in the gardens of the Dusit Resort Pattaya.

The group joined over 50,000 Tai Chi-Chi Kung practitioners around the world in 80 countries to promote awareness of the benefits of Tai Chi and Chi Gung as an exercise to promote health and longevity.

World Tai Chi-Chi Gung Day this year started on the east coast of Australia, joined by Pattaya’s group some 3 hours later (time difference), and ended in Hawaii.

Tai Chi-Chi Kung deals with movement, breathing and mental awareness. Clinical studies have shown that these exercises can reduce stress and high blood pressure as well as improve general well being.

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A Portrait of Peru

by Chalerm Raksanti

Dwarfed by the vastness of the South American continent, Peru has a vastness of its own. Superimposed on a map of the United States, it would stretch from Chicago to New York City in the north, and to Miami to the south. With an area of 1,285,216 square kilometres, it is the third largest nation in South America.

Weaver of tapestries near Titicaca

Half of the population, mostly whites, live along the Pacific coast. The rest of its people are Indians, mainly Quechua and Aymara who are subsistence farmers in the mountains. For 20,000 years, diverse Indian peoples have made their home in Peru. The 7,700 year old Paloma may be the oldest village in the Americas.

The Incas were ruling from Cuzo when gold and silver lured the Spanish to these distant shores. In 1824, General Simon Bolivar’s military forces ended Spain’s rule on the continent.

Dominating the country, the range of Andes Mountains rise with stupendous heights to snow fields and glaciers, at 6,768 metres. They wall off the arid coast where little rain falls. Snowmelt from the Andes feeds rivers that cross the arid coastal plain and supplies irrigation to farmers. The moist eastern slopes of the Andes tumble to dank, humid, jungle lowlands whose rivers are the highways for transportation.

Lost city of the Incas, Machu Picchu

Peru lies atop an area where the Pacific Ocean crust slides beneath the continent resulting in severe earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions. The diversity of this country is wondrous.

To the north and south of Lima encroaches one of the earth’s driest deserts. To the west, the country drops into the Pacific. To the east, the abrupt wall of the Andes rises.

Unlike the coasts of Columbia and northern Ecuador, Peru’s coastal region is parched because of an anomaly called the Humbolt Current, which flows northward from the Antarctic, working a sea change over virtually everything. Prevailing winds from the south drive surface waters offshore, causing cold water to up well from the ocean depths. The plankton that permeates these waters attracts vast swarms of anchovies, which in turn draw millions of seabirds. Their droppings over the centuries have coated offshore islands with guano hundreds of feet think.

The delicate Andes Llama

Lima, Peru’s capital city, whirls around plazas, a pattern set in 1535, during Spanish rule. Today it is a city, much like other major capitals, choked with traffic and bustling with commerce. The ubiquitous ambulantes, the sidewalk vendors, sell everything from alpaca ponchos and TV antennas to skewers of sliced beef heart and murky red portions of “iguana blood” which is sold as a tonic to increase strength and endurance. This pushcart army of impoverished hawkers are driven by want from their ancestral Andean highlands, and drift into the city by the millions. Jobless, barely educated, they take to the streets as vendors, shoeshine boys, tyre-changers, minstrels, beggars, and when all else fails, pick-pockets and petty thieves.

The upper class neighbourhood of Miraflores is another world. Wide boulevards are flanked by tall buildings and fashionable department stores. Before the glittering store windows pose lovely, fair-haired Creoles of nearly pure Spanish decent, and stunning mestizas with rich auburn hair and glowing cinnamon complexions. Take a seat at a sidewalk caf้ and order a cortado, the sweet expresso topped with frothy cream, and watch Lima’s crowds parade along the avenue in the latest styles from Paris, New York and Madrid. The men stride smartly among them, handsome and imperious, they view the passing beauties with practised eyes. Indian women from the Andean highlands seem as out of place here as would an extra terrestrial.

Fishing boats along the coast of northern Peru

A plane out of the city of Lima will hurdle the snow crests of the Andes and take a visitor over the streaming green Amazonian jungle, which covers more than half of the country.

The Amazon Indians have long played a part in Peruvian history. Their feats of war are legendary. Unfortunately, Spanish rule and devastating disease wiped out whole native populations through the ages. During the past decades, transmigration of highland peasants, encouraged by government to settle regions along the Amazon River, has reduced the habitat of indigenous tribes.

Great rivers of the world, such as the Nile in Egypt, renew their soil by virtue of stream valleys and flood plains. The Amazon jungle has, in contrast, very poor soils and game animals are diverse, but few and far between. Currently there are some 200,000 native Indians in the Peruvian Amazon, divided into 53 ethnic groups and 12 different languages.

Highland peasants of the Andes

Lake Titicaca is the world’s highest navigable lake - 12,500 feet above sea level. Titicaca is also famous for the floating reed islands constructed by the Urus and Aymaras Indians. Some of these islands are the size of football fields, replete with villages, schools and playgrounds.

A trip out to these islands can take several hours if one wants to avoid hordes of tourists at the closer ones. Locals pole their way through a maze of reed-grown channels. Once ‘ashore’ it takes a little time to get one’s sea legs. The reeds go down about six feet, and the spongy surface at the edge is unstable for the novice. The topmost layer must be renewed once a year, while the bottom most layer simply rots away. From these same reeds, these islanders make their homes, bed mats, baskets, boats and sails. The even eat them, relishing the celery like lower stalks and the roots.

The mystifying ruin of the sacred city of the Incas, Machu Picchu, was not discovered until 1911 by Professor Hiram Bingham of Yale University. Historians speculate that this was one of a series of outlying refuges to which the last of the Inca rebels fled after Pizzarro ousted them from their imperial capital at Cuzo, which is only about 70 miles away (as the condor flies).

Bingham found it mouldering beneath centuries of vegetation. The mystery of the abandoned city lives on today. What happened to these people who had no knowledge of the wheel, no beasts of burden sturdier than the delicate llama, and who still managed to impose their rule over a domain as far-reaching as that of ancient Rome?

Peru is certainly one of the most spectacularly beautiful countries in the world. It also ranks among the world’s great centres of ancient civilisation. The sun worshipping Incas are only the most famous of a long line of highly developed cultures which thrived thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans. Ancient and mysterious, modern and chaotic, Peru is an adventure which needs time to plan and savour.

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German couple help get new Rotary club going

Andrea and Norbert Kühn of Germany, guests of the Thai Garden Resort, made a donation of DM 1,400(28,000Baht) to the newly founded Prov. Rotary Club of Taksin-Pattaya to help them with their charity projects.

The governor of Rotary District 3340, Prempreecha Dibbayawan (second from right), who joined the meeting, prov. club president Peter Thorand (middle) and Elfi Seitz, who arranged the donation, are here together with Rudi and Andrea.

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British Chamber Eastern Seaboard Seminar

Basic Marketing Principles

The British Chamber of Commerce (BCCT) in association with First Training presents a full day Eastern Seaboard seminar titled ‘Basic Marketing Principles’ to be held on Thursday April 26 from 9:00 a.m. (registration) - 4:30 p.m. at the Amari Orchid Resort, Pattaya.

The seminar is aimed at Thai staff who have just entered the marketing field or those who are switching to the marketing division for the first time. Those who are experienced in the field of marketing will derive little benefit from these seminars. There is a maximum limit of 20 students. The first 30 minutes of the seminar are for registration.

The following will be covered in the seminar: what is marketing?; the customer and the company; branding decisions; identifying the brand preference; product line decisions; distribution channels; choosing the message and media for advertisements.

Any Eastern Seaboard company, irrespective of BCCT membership status, is welcome to nominate their staff.

The cost per participant is baht 2,850 inclusive of lunch, VAT, course materials, certificate and two coffee breaks. Please fax or e-mail the name/s of participants to the BCCT office (fax: 02 651 5354). Cheques must be made payable to “First Training”. Bookings will be taken on a first come, first served basis. Please fax or email to Mariam ([email protected]) at the BCCT office to confirm your place.

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Amor Restaurant celebrates 7th anniversary

Raises money for Pattaya Gay Festival charities

On Monday April 2, Amor Restaurant held its 7th anniversary charity dinner, which was a roaring success. Seventy-five people enjoyed a sumptuous meal and dug deep into their pockets for donations and raffle tickets to benefit the two charities, HEARTT 2000 and Naklua Drug Rehabilitation Centre.

Baht 80,000 was raised from the Amor charity dinner for the PGF charities, helped greatly by Jim Lumsden of the Ambiance Group who MC’d the event with his usual caustic humour!

Richard Burk, owner and general manager of Amor Restaurant said, “The anniversary charity dinner was a great success and we will now make it an annual event. So next April 2nd we will again hold an Anniversary Charity Dinner for the benefit of the Pattaya Gay Festival charities.

“The dates for next year’s festival are already set, from November 14 to 17, 2002, so we at Amor are pleased to confirm our sponsorship for next year’s PGF and our commitment to raise funds for the charities at our charity dinner next year.”

The next PGF event is to take place on Saturday April 14, 2001 as a combined event at the White Night Buffet and Top Man Nightclub. Tickets are available from Top Man at baht 500.

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Antiques, Are They Genuine?

by Apichart Panyadee

Methods of manufacture

For every item of the late 17th or early 18th Century copper or brass which has survived, you will find hundreds or even thousands of examples of 19th Century workmanship. So it does not take long to become familiar with the range of products raised from the sheet.

An example of a folded over joint on a 19th Century watering can

Joints in hand-raised objects were created with a series of dovetail joints. When these were fitted together, they were hammered to make the joint watertight. Another widely used method was to rivet two objects together, hammering the rivets firmly into place. Little use was made of solder or other types of joint.

By the 19th Century, however, most joints were soldered or folded over. These folded seams were made by bringing together the edges of the piece to be joined, folding them over each other, and then hammering the joint to make it strong. This technique is not normally found on articles dating before 1750 and seldom before 1800. Old skills such as the dovetail seam continued to be used by craftsmen right into the 20th Century.

Early cast objects were carefully finished off with chisels and then turned off on a wheel to make a smooth surface underneath. Foot lathe turning tended to be uneven. A modern turning will be much more regular. A craftsman of the 16th and 17th Century would never leave his candlesticks or other objects unfinished. But reproducers of the 20th Century often did not bother with the finishing of lower quality products.

Brass jardini่re from 1920s

Many objects of Georgian style were produced with rough sand cast bases. These can be distinguished at a glance. Recent fakers seeking to age candlesticks made in this way are turning them off in the base. But look closely. The surface they leave tends to be very smooth and new looking.

Screws are frequently found on copper alloy objects and these can help to date pieces. Machine-made modern screws cannot date from earlier than the mid-19th Century. So hand cut threads are a good indication that an object was made before or during the industrial revolution.

It was not until the 18th Century that brassfounders learned the technique of casting hollow candlesticks. Until around 1730 or so they were cast in two parts and carefully seamed together vertically with solder. Always look at such hollow objects for evidence of seams. Oddly enough, breathing on the surface sometimes reveals them. Until the 19th Century it was difficult to make objects of any length in hollow form. So candlesticks were made of two or more parts fastened together horizontally. By the 1830s manufacturers had learned how to produce long, thin hollow cast tubes of brass. It was these which formed the gas tubes of the 1880s.

The alloys

While the alloy from which an object is made can seldom confirm by itself whether or not the article is old, knowing what an object is made of is a very useful dating tool. We can confirm whether it has the same kind of composition as is found in other genuine examples. The alloy used can also help to identify national origins since different countries used different alloys according to the availability and costs of raw materials.

In the case of brass, however, analysis can take us a stage further. Before 1770 mineral zinc was not available. There was only calamine, an oxide of zinc. Combining calamine with copper was difficult, as the zinc tended to evaporate when added to the crucible. Until the discovery of mineral zinc it was not possible to make a brass alloy with more than 30% zinc. Even to get the level above 20% was very difficult. A simple test for the proportions of zinc may therefore tell us at once whether an object was made before or after 1770. Most 18th century brass has several trace elements in addition to copper and zinc. “Pure” brass is likely to be modern.

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