I learned this after a few trips to France.
Not that the French got it wrong again, it is rather is that different countries have “different filets” using the same name, obviously.
In German speaking countries and many other parts of the world, the filet is what the English-speaking diner expects when ordering tenderloin. But in good old France the cook, yes the cook and not the chef – because chef is a French word and means nothing else other than boss, would put a sirloin steak on the grill when the chef de cuisine (boss of the kitchen) announces: “Nouvelle commande: deux filets saignants!”. That means in good English: “New order: two sirloin steaks rare!” So, if you are in France and order a filet, you will get a sirloin steak. If you want a filet in France don’t try to impress your companion by ordering a filet, you will be disappointed. You order a tournedos for a big filet or a filet mignon for a smaller filet.
If you order a sirloin steak in UK or USA you will get what you ordered, but in Europe (except in France again) they use the French word Entrecôte which is literary means between the sides – between the (side) bones. So, in France if you order the filet, you will get the sirloin steak! Complicated, isn’t it?
It gets really complicated with the next cut! I talk now about the rib eye steak. The English-speaking people are all simple to understand and serve the rib eye steak. But only a few German speaking know the German Name which is Hohrückensteak or Hohrippensteak. And in France it’s called entrecote. This is confusing for most Europeans as they think they have been cheated after ordering an entrcôte which is a fine French word, and then being dished out a rib eye steak with fat and sinews going right through the middle of the supposedly lean meat.
That’s why at restaurant Casa Pascal I have adopted the idea to put pictures alongside our alphabetical explanation of different cuts. If you think that was too much to learn about the different names of different cuts in different countries, I give you this:
Travel to South America and try to order the right meat in Spanish. The real tricky thing is that they adopt some French terms like Filet and Entrecôte in their Spanish language but serve up whatever they think is the right thing. Each country north of Tierra del Fuego, has, despite using the same Spanish, a different name for each cut of meat!
With culinary regards,