Today in History, Monday, Oct. 23, 2017

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Today is Monday, Oct. 23 the 296th day of 2017. There are 69 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Oct. 23, 1942, during World War II, Britain launched a major offensive against the Axis forces at El Alamein in Egypt, resulting in an Allied victory.

On this date:

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In 425, Valentinian III is elevated as Roman emperor at the age of six.

In 1086, at the Battle of Sagrajas, the army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI.

In 1295, the first treaty forming the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France against England is signed in Paris.

In 1642, the Battle of Edgehill signals the first major engagement of the English Civil War.

In 1812, Claude François de Malet, a French general, begins a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon Bonaparte, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that he is now the commandant of Paris.

In 1906, Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe at Champs de Bagatelle, Paris, France.

In 1915, tens of thousands of women paraded up Fifth Avenue in New York City, demanding the right to vote.

In 1917, Lenin calls for the October Revolution in Russia.

In 1929, the Wall Street Crash begins after a steady decline in stock market prices since a peak in September.

In 1941, the Walt Disney animated feature “Dumbo,” about a young circus elephant who learns how to fly, premiered in New York.

In 1944, the World War II Battle of Leyte Gulf began, resulting in a major Allied victory against Japanese forces.

In 1946, the United Nations General Assembly convened in New York for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing Meadow.

In 1956, a student-sparked revolt against Hungary’s Communist rule began; as the revolution spread, Soviet forces started entering the country, and the uprising was put down within weeks.

In 1973, President Richard Nixon agreed to turn over White House tape recordings subpoenaed by the Watergate special prosecutor to Judge John J. Sirica.

In 1983, 241 U.S. service members, most of them Marines, were killed in a suicide truck-bombing at Beirut International Airport in Lebanon; a near-simultaneous attack on French forces killed 58 paratroopers.

In 1991, Cambodia’s warring factions and representatives of 18 other nations signed a peace treaty in Paris.

In 2001, the nation’s anthrax scare hit the White House with the discovery of a small concentration of spores at an offsite mail processing center.

Today’s Birthdays:

Movie director Philip Kaufman is 81. Soccer great Pele is 77. Movie director Ang Lee is 63. Jazz singer Dianne Reeves is 61. Community activist Martin Luther King III is 60. Movie director Sam Raimi is 58. Parodist “Weird Al” Yankovic is 58. Rock musician Robert Trujillo (Metallica) is 53. TV personality and host Cat Deeley is 41. Actor Ryan Reynolds is 41. Rock singer Matthew Shultz (Cage the Elephant) is 34. Rhythm-and-blues singer Miguel is 32. Actress Emilia Clarke is 31. Actress Briana Evigan is 31. Actress Jessica Stroup is 31.

Thought for Today:

“You can fool too many of the people too much of the time.” — James Thurber, American humorist (1894-1961).